Skip 
Navigation Link
Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Resources
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
Parents of Hospitalized Kids Need More Info on Costs: StudyWhich Kids Are at Highest Risk From COVID?Watch Their Backs -- Don't Overload Those SchoolbagsDoctors Often Miss Signs of Type 1 Diabetes in KidsNeighborhood Gun Violence Means Worse Mental Health for KidsLower Dose of Pfizer COVID Vaccine Works Well in Young Children, Company SaysLong-Haul COVID in Kids Typically Ends Within 3 Months: StudyChild Obesity Rose Sharply During PandemicCOVID Vaccines for Kids Under 12 Could Come This Fall: FauciChild Cancers Are Rare, But Here Are Signs to Look ForGetting Kids Eyeglasses Boosts School Grades: StudyKids' Temporary Tattoos Can Harm Skin FunctionEczema Can Take Toll on Child's Mental HealthCOVID Cases Rise Sharply Among Kids as School Year StartsKids Piled on Extra Pounds During PandemicYour Young Child Is Sick: Is it COVID or RSV?As Classes Resume, Some Health Tips From the CDCFDA Warns Against 'Off-Label' Use of Pfizer Vaccine in Younger ChildrenParents' Poll Finds Strong Support for Vaccination of Students, TeachersTeachers' Unions, Doctors Agree: Vaccines, Masks Crucial for Return-to-School4 Out of 10 Parents Have No Plans to Get Child Vaccinated for School: PollCommon Pesticide to Be Banned Over Links to  Problems in ChildrenDiabetes in Pregnancy Tied to Eye Issues in KidsChild Injuries, Deaths Spur Recall of 10 Million Magnet Balls, CubesBabies, Toddlers Spread COVID Faster in the Home Than Teens Do: StudyGet Your Kids on a School-Ready Sleep ScheduleKids of Heavy Drinkers Face Multiple Threats to HealthNew Clues to What Triggers Dangerous Syndrome in Kids With COVIDModerna COVID Vaccine Safe, Effective in Teens: StudyU.S. Kids Are Eating More 'Ultraprocessed' FoodsEasy Steps to Get Your Child Ready for the COVID-19 VaccineKeeping Classrooms Safe for Kids With Asthma, AllergiesIs the Delta Variant Hitting Kids Harder?White House Outlines Effort to Vaccinate Young as Schools Start to Reopen'Long COVID' Symptoms Rare in Kids: StudyAHA News: Protecting Children's Mental Health as They Head Back to SchoolParents' Pot Smoking Means More Colds, Flu for KidsTroubling Rise Seen in Both COVID, RSV Cases Among ChildrenPfizer, Moderna to Expand Vaccine Studies in Young ChildrenCan COVID Transmit Easily on Crowded School Buses?Kids Still Dying From Accidental Exposure to Fentanyl Pain PatchesWhen Are Head Injury Risks Highest for Young Soccer Players?Simple Step Gets More School Kids Eating Their VeggiesSurvey Finds U.S. Parents Split on COVID Vaccination for Kids Under 12Most Parents Clueless About Overuse Dangers to Young PitchersEven Young Children Can Have Breathing Issues During Sleep1.5 Million Kids Worldwide Lost Parent or Other Caregiver to COVID-19Severe COVID in Kids: Rare, but Brain Issues Can ResultPrescriptions for U.S. Kids Declined During PandemicHow Your Kid's Education Could Make You Healthier
LinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Parenting
Child Development & Parenting: Infants (0-2)
Child Development & Parenting: Early (3-7)
Child Development & Parenting: Middle (8-11)
Childhood Special Education
Child Development Theory: Adolescence (12-24)

Parent's Words Key to Young Kids' Fears Around Vaccination

HealthDay News
by Robert Preidt
Updated: Jul 14th 2021

new article illustration

WEDNESDAY, July 14, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- What's the best way to help your young child handle the stress of getting shots? New research claims that perfectly timed encouragement makes all the difference with vaccinations.

"What we found is that in the first minute after the needle, the more parents said coping-promoting statements, such as, 'You can do this' and 'It will be over soon' or tried to distract them with talking about something else, the higher distressed the children were. This really surprised us," said study senior author Rebecca Pillai Riddell, a professor in York University's Department of Psychology, in Toronto.

"We found however, during the second minute after the vaccine, when the child was calmer, these same coping promoting statements resulted in them calming down faster," she said in a university news release.

"On the other hand, distress-promoting statements, such as criticizing the child or reassuring them they were fine, had no relationship with child distress in minute-one, but in minute-two the distress-promoting comments were strongly predictive of higher distress in kids," Pillai Riddell added.

The study observed how hundreds of parents handled their preschool children after the youngsters received vaccinations. It's part of the largest study in the world assessing caregivers and children during vaccinations from birth to age 5, researchers said. The findings were published recently in the journal PAIN.

"Previous research has shown that the vast majority of preschoolers calm down within two minutes after a vaccination, however, about 25% of children did not. We wanted to determine what parents were saying before or during the vaccination appointment that could be leading to these children feeling distressed during and after a vaccination," said study first author Ilana Shiff, a master's student in Pillai Riddell's lab.

The findings suggest that in the first minute after a child is vaccinated, parents should keep them calm through physical approaches such as hugging, cuddling or hand-holding.

After that first minute, children get more benefit from encouraging statements from their parents.

"This type of data has never been found in preschoolers before," Pillai Riddell said. "It's important to understand post-needle reactions at this age because needle phobia and phobias in general start coming on at 5 to 10 years of age, so understanding how children can be coached and how parents can have a really powerful role in reducing stress post a vaccination is key."

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics offers advice on managing pain during vaccinations.

SOURCE: York University, news release, July 12, 2021