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What is Addiction?What Causes Addiction?How Do You Get Addicted?Signs and Symptoms of AddictionTreatment for Addiction
Treatment for AddictionNatural Recovery: Recovery from Addiction Without TreatmentNatural Recovery ContinuedChoosing An Effective Treatment Approach: Evidenced-Based PracticesWhat Makes An Addictions Treatment Effective? Biological Approaches to Addiction Treatment: MedicationsThe Role of Medication in Addictions TreatmentPharmacologic Medications for Addictions TreatmentPharmacologic Medications for Addictions Treatment: Part IIPsychological Approaches to Addiction TreatmentMotivation for Change: The Stages of Change ModelMotivation for Change ContinuedTypes of Evidenced-Based (Effective) Treatments for Addiction: Motivational InterviewingRelapse Prevention TherapyContingency ManagementCognitive-Behavioral TherapyDialectical Behavioral TherapyAcceptance and Commitment TherapyWhat The Pros Know: The Practical Recovery ModelSocial Approaches Addictions RecoveryA Cultural Approach to Addictions Treatment: Harm ReductionFamily Approaches to Addictions Treatment: CRAFT, Intervention And Al-AnonThe Social Support Approach to Addictions Recovery: Recovery Support Groups Self-Empowering Support Groups for Addiction Recovery: Smart RecoveryModeration ManagementWomen for SobrietyLifeRing Secular Recovery and Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS)Summary of Self-Empowering Support GroupsSpiritual Approaches to Addiction Recovery12-Step Support Groups: Groups That End With "Anonymous"12-Step Support Groups: Part II12-Step Support Groups: Part IIIExpanding Addiction Treatment Choices in the United StatesDeveloping a Personal Action Plan for Addiction Recovery: Part IDeveloping a Personal Action Plan for Addiction Recovery: Part II
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Social Approaches Addictions Recovery

A. Tom Horvath, Ph.D., ABPP, Kaushik Misra, Ph.D., Amy K. Epner, Ph.D., and Galen Morgan Cooper, Ph.D. , edited by C. E. Zupanick, Psy.D.

Throughout this center on addiction we have emphasized the Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual (BPSS) model of addiction. We have reviewed that the development of an addiction rests heavily on individual biological factors. However, recovery from addiction rests heavily on individual psychological factors. In contrast, the social component of the BPSS model emphasizes the influence of social groups. Interestingly, social groups affect both the development of addiction, and the recovery from addiction.

Social approaches to addictions treatment fall into three basic categories. First, there is the macro-group (or cultural) approach. The macro-group approach evaluates the influence of large groups on the recovery process, and the effect of addiction on larger groups. Second, there is the micro-group (or social) approach. This approach considers an individual's smaller social circle of family, friends, and community. With respect to addictions treatment, the family is the most influential component of someone's social circle. Sometimes these two approaches are collectively termed a socio-cultural approach. Third, there is the social support approach to addictions recovery. This approach capitalizes upon the benefits social support. Social support groups are typically groups of people with similar problems and difficulties. They meet to discuss their hopes, disappointments, successes, and failures. Therefore, our discussion of addiction recovery would not be complete without reviewing these three social approaches to addictions recovery.